Acceptable Copies

The following copies are acceptable under copyright laws:

Single Copies for Faculty Members

A single copy may be made of any of the following, by, or for, a faculty member at their request, for scholarly research, teaching, or preparing to teach a class:

  • A chapter from a book
  • An article from a periodical or newspaper
  • A short story, short essay, or short poem, whether or not from a collective source
  • A chart, graph, diagram, drawing, cartoon, or picture from a book, periodical, or newspaper

Multiple Copies for Classroom Use

Multiple copies (not to exceed more than one copy per student) may be made for classroom use or discussion, provided that:

  • The copying meets the tests of brevity and spontaneity for poems, prose, illustrations, and "special" works as shown in Definitions
  • The copying meets the cumulative effect test as shown in Definitions
  • Each copy includes a notice of copyright